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[18], The hypocentre of the main earthquake was approximately 160 km (100 mi) off the western coast of northern Sumatra, in the Indian Ocean just north of Simeulue island at a depth of 30 km (19 mi) below mean sea level (initially reported as 10 km or 6.2 mi). The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami (also known as the Boxing Day Tsunami and, by the scientific community, the Sumatra–Andaman earthquake) occurred at 07:58:53 in local time on 26 December, with an epicentre off the west coast of northern Sumatra, Indonesia.. September 2006, published: 4. The agreement explicitly cites the tsunami as a justification. The results were assessed according to correct allele detection, peak height and balance as well as the occurrence of artefacts. As first, step of the protocol fingerprints were taken, abdomen. [95] An initial report by Siti Fadilah Supari, the Indonesian Minister of Health at the time, estimated the death total to be as high as 220,000 in Indonesia alone, giving a total of 280,000 fatalities. Identification of. [138] Saudi cleric Muhammad Al-Munajjid attributed it to divine retribution against non-Muslim vacationers "who used to sprawl all over the beaches and in pubs overflowing with wine" during Christmas break. Le tsunami de 2004 dans l'océan Indien a été causé par un séisme. The highest death toll was in Hafun, with 19 dead and 160 people presumed missing out of its 5,000 inhabitants. In the Krishna district, the tsunami created havoc in Manginapudi and on Machalipattanam Beach. The two main occupations affected by the tsunami were fishing and tourism. It has been theorized that the tsunamis were focused and directed at long ranges by the mid-ocean ridges which run along the margins of the continental plates.[51]. However, the investigation of, the victim showed both teeth, no. The third wave was the strongest, with a maximum tsunami wave height of 11 m (36 ft). (Fig. possibility of foreign victims in these graves, exhumed again and were brought back to the, routine examination procedure at the time of, the final inventory. Comparing, became apparent, as both teeth should have, been missing. Besides that, a 10 m (33 ft) black muddy tsunami ravaged the city of Karaikal, where 492 lives were lost. [64] The second wave was the largest; it came from the west-southwest within five minutes of the first wave. The magnitude 8.7 2005 Nias–Simeulue earthquake, which originated off the coast of the Sumatran island of Nias, is not considered an aftershock, despite its proximity to the epicentre, and was most likely triggered by stress changes associated with the 2004 event. Deadly tsunami waves wreaked havoc in the densely populated Jogindar Nagar area, situated 13 km (8.1 mi) south of Campbell Bay. A contribution to: ISFG: Recommendations regarding the role of forensic genetics for disaster victim identification (DVI by M. Prinz, A. Carracedo, W.R. Mayr, N. Morling, T.J. Parsons, A. Sajantila, R. Scheithauer, H. Schmitter, P.M. Schneider), Tsunami 2004. These volatiles rise into the overlying plate, causing partial melting and the formation of magma. 2005, Lau, The forensic specialists play an important, role for the identification process in mass. Health concerns associated with disaster victim. One of the few coastal areas to evacuate ahead of the tsunami was on the Indonesian island of Simeulue, close to the epicentre. Because the 1,600 km (1,000 mi) fault affected by the earthquake was in a nearly north–south orientation, the greatest strength of the tsunami waves was in an east–west direction. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is working with governments of the region in order to determine the severity of the ecological impact and how to address it. Chapter 6, "Thailand", in Jayasuriya, Sisira and Peter McCawley. The international cooperation after the Tsunami in 2004 showed under what conditions successful victim identification can be carried out. Identification leads or confirmations of identification were obtained for 218 victims for which DNA reference samples (personal effects and kin) had been submitted. Within 2–3 km (1.2–1.9 mi) of the shoreline, houses, except for strongly-built reinforced concrete ones with brick walls, which seemed to have been partially damaged by the earthquake before the tsunami attack, were swept away or destroyed by the tsunami. [81], The worst affected island in the Andaman & Nicobar chain is Katchall Island, with 303 people confirmed dead and 4,354 missing out of a total population of 5,312. Coasts that have a landmass between them and the tsunami's location of origin are usually safe; however, tsunami waves can sometimes diffract around such landmasses. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. The extent to which the remains were fragmented and affected by taphonomic factors complicated the identification project. Since over 51,000 vessels were lost to the tsunami, the industry boomed. It has been reported that in the Maldives, 16 to 17 coral reef atolls that were overcome by sea waves are without fresh water and could be rendered uninhabitable for decades. [44][45], According to Tad Murty, vice-president of the Tsunami Society, the total energy of the tsunami waves was equivalent to about 5 megatons of TNT (21 PJ), which is more than twice the total explosive energy used during all of World War II (including the two atomic bombs) but still a couple of orders of magnitude less than the energy released in the earthquake itself. Degradation of human DNA extracted from forensic stains is, in most cases, the result of a natural process due to the exposure of the stain samples to the environment. In the second week of January a, typing. [1] Measured in lives lost, this is one of the ten worst earthquakes in recorded history, as well as the single worst tsunami in history. 3.3 Evolution de la place du tsunami entre 2004 et 2009 A partir des données récoltées nous avons pu établir une série de graphiques mesurant la visibilité accordée à la catastrophe sur la chaîne TF1. The India Plate sinks deeper and deeper beneath the Burma Plate until the increasing temperature and pressure drive volatiles out of the subducting plate. Local eyewitnesses described three large waves, with the first wave rising gently to the foundation of the buildings, followed minutes later by a sudden withdrawal of the sea near the port of Ulee Lheue. Hari ini 16 tahun tsunami Aceh, saat itu 26 Desember 2004 gempa dahsyat berkekuatan M 9,3 yang terjadi di dasar Samudera Hindia disusul tsunami hebat AP/Eugene Hoshiko Foto masjid yang menjadi satu-satunya bangunan utuh di wilayah Meulaboh yang diambil pada 2 Januari 2005, menjadi salah satu foto yang paling diingat Eugene Hoshiko, fotografer Associated Press yang meliput … In recent years the fishery industry has emerged as a dynamic export-oriented sector, generating substantial foreign exchange earnings. with a marginal drop in sea level. [76][78][80] The tsunami varied in height from 2 m (6.6 ft) to 10 m (33 ft) based on survivors' accounts. The northern section of the Sunda megathrust ruptured over a length of 1,300 km (810 mi). victim at Site Ib matched concerning the age, transitional status with milk and permanent, missing tooth 35 (second premolar in the left, was carried and revealed the missing tooth, 35 in the lower jaw (Fig. [69] In Sri Lanka, the civilian casualties were second only to those in Indonesia, with approximately 35,000 killed by the tsunami. [15] The earthquake (followed by the tsunami) was felt in Bangladesh, India, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, Sri Lanka and the Maldives. their very nature is differentiated between boys and girls. Measurements from these satellites may prove invaluable for the understanding of the earthquake and tsunami. (2007). Le tsunami. 2000, Lessig 2001, 2006). The waves arrived after the sea receded about 500 m (1,600 ft), followed by an advancing small tsunami. Post mortem, stomatological specialists. This illustrated the quality aspects of the procedure and the degree of degradation that had occurred for the remains of the WTC victims. The typing results were compared to those obtained by the commonly used primer pairs by means of success rates. The guidelines included to take, bite wings (complete x-rays of the crowns of, the molars) during every examination. The second wave came 10 minutes after the first one with a maximum height of 4.8 m (16 ft) to 8 m (26 ft) and caused the major destruction. It also benefited from the fact that the earthquake proceeded more slowly in the northern rupture zone, greatly reducing the energy of the water displacements in that region. Some mathematical problems in, dontological identification of human remains. A stormy future for population health in southeast Asia? Even beach resorts in parts of Thailand which were untouched by the tsunami were hit by cancellations. STR loci with fragments larger than 200 bp, sampling strategy, only a few results were, analyse the samples taken during the first, days of the investigations. identification after a tsunami - Thailand, . [42] Unlike data from tide gauges installed on shores, measurements obtained in the middle of the ocean can be used for computing the parameters of the source earthquake without having to compensate for the complex ways in which proximity to the coast changes the size and shape of a wave. The tsunami also reached Antarctica, where tidal gauges at Japan's Showa Base recorded oscillations of up to a metre (3 ft 3 in), with disturbances lasting a couple of days. The momentum of the water displaced by tectonic uplift had also dragged massive slabs of rock, each weighing millions of tonnes, as far as 10 km (6 mi) across the seabed. [79] The tsunami travelled 2.5 km (1.6 mi) at its maximum inland at Karaikal, Puducherry. Fingerprints, DNA analysis and dental records were used for identification of the bodies. So conclusions for the future work, establishment of guidelines requiring high, quality control for the collection of the ante, mortem and post mortem data is essential for, an efficient disaster management including a. Fernandez-Rodriguez A, Atienza I, Capilla J. Garcia-Hirschfeld J, Martinez P, Vallejo G. Garcia O, Garcia E, Real P, Alvarez D, Leon A, Sancho M. Challenges of DNA profiling in mass, Brenner CH, Weir BS. [54] On Maikhao Beach in north Phuket City, Thailand, a 10-year-old British tourist named Tilly Smith had studied tsunamis in geography at school and recognised the warning signs of the receding ocean and frothing bubbles. In addition, the tsunami inflicted damage to the popular resort town of Ao Nang in Krabi province. [33], The earthquake generated a seismic oscillation of the Earth's surface of up to 200–300 mm (8–12 in), equivalent to the effect of the tidal forces caused by the Sun and Moon. Other videos recorded showed that the tsunami appeared like a flood raging inland. The tsunami height was reduced from 12 m (39 ft) at Ulee Lheue to 6 m (20 ft) a further 8 km (5.0 mi) to the north-east. Not every earthquake produces large tsunamis: on 28 March 2005, a magnitude 8.7 earthquake hit roughly the same area of the Indian Ocean but did not result in a major tsunami. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands appear to have shifted south-west by around 1.25 m (4 ft 1 in) and to have sunk by 1 m (3 ft 3 in). The aspects of readiness of the government and the society in optimizing the various forms of the advantages are still limited, so that there is a need for comprehensive and continuous efforts to optimize the regional and global cooperation in order to benefit fully for the government, and especially for the people of Indonesia. Further, the dynamics of globalization in all areas turn out to require all countries, including Indonesia, to really think about the right position so that they will neither be left behind by those dynamics, nor they will become a victim of the direction of the global development that can harm their national interests. All figure content in this area was uploaded by Rüdiger Lessig, All content in this area was uploaded by Rüdiger Lessig, EXCLI Journal 2006;5:128-139 – ISSN 1611-2156. The environmental impact will take a long time and significant resources to assess. Germany required a fast reaction. Tsunami run-up measurements along the Sri Lankan coasts are at 2.4–4.11 m (7 ft 10 in–13 ft 6 in). Major damage occurred in two narrow strips of land bound on the west by the Arabian Sea and on the east by the Kerala backwaters. Furthermore, at the coastal town of Kanyakumari, the seabed was exposed briefly before a large wall of water can be seen on the horizon and subsequently flooding the town. In their report, the Tsunami Evaluation Coalition stated, "It should be remembered that all such data are subject to error, as data on missing persons especially are not always as good as one might wish". In some cases the special quality of, dentures gave information about the victim’s, identified German victims as a control of, plausibility. Le 26 décembre 2004, un violent séisme provoque un tsunami d'une ampleur inégalée qui va frapper l'Indonésie, le Sri Lanka, la Thaïlande et le sud de l'Inde. [39], In February 2005, the Royal Navy vessel HMS Scott surveyed the seabed around the earthquake zone, which varies in depth between 1,000 and 5,000 m (550 and 2,730 fathoms; 3,300 and 16,400 ft). [71] In Hambantota, tsunami run-ups measured 11 m (36 ft) with the greatest inundation distance of 2 km (1.2 mi). 15). The first German DVI, were present to help with the identification, After preparation of the work area by the, village was erected and used as the first. [citation needed], Relief agencies reported that one third of the dead appeared to be children. were not more than 3 m (9.8 ft) along the Myanmar coast, the amplitudes wre slightly large off the Ayeyarwaddy Delta, probably because the shallow delta caused a concentration in tsunami energy. The Indian Plate is part of the great Indo-Australian Plate, which underlies the Indian Ocean and Bay of Bengal, and is moving north-east at an average of 60 mm/a (0.075 in/Ms). The level of damage to the economy resulting from the tsunami depends on the scale examined. [126], According to specialists, the main effect is being caused by poisoning of the freshwater supplies and of the soil by saltwater infiltration and a deposit of a salt layer over arable land. In comparison to the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, the death toll from these earthquakes was significantly lower, primarily because of the lower population density along the coasts near affected areas, the much greater distances to more populated coasts, and the superior infrastructure and warning systems in MEDCs (More Economically Developed Countries) such as Japan. Es besteht Bedarf an der Entwicklung fortgeschrittener Standards und der Harmonisierung rechts- und zahnmedizinischer Vorgehensweisen bei internationalen Identifizierungsmaßnahmen. In: plantation of radio frequency identification. [16], The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake was initially documented as having a moment magnitude of 8.8. forensic, odonto-stomatological and fingerprinting, or, requests for additional investigations were, sent to Site II. A new approach to short tandem repeat (STR) typing of DNA extracted from telogen shed hairs is presented. The area toward the sea was wiped clean of nearly every structure, while closer to the river, dense construction in a commercial district showed the effects of severe flooding. [147], Smith Dharmasaroja, a meteorologist who had predicted that an earthquake and tsunami "is going to occur for sure" way back in 1994,[148][149] was assigned the development of the Thai tsunami warning system. Recent efforts to re-introduce hemp fibres into paper pulp are under way, with a number of writing papers having been manufactured in Europe and North America. Thus, the state of Kerala was hit by the tsunami despite being on the western coast of India, and the western coast of Sri Lanka suffered substantial impacts. Also, Italy offered US$95 million, increased later to US$113 million of which US$42 million was donated by the population using the SMS system[155], According to USAID, the US has pledged additional funds in long-term U.S. support to help the tsunami victims rebuild their lives. comparison is made, by the age and sex, with the elements represented in the drawing in order to These tales and oral folklore from previous generations may have helped the survival of the inhabitants. A number of other companies are also offering hemp papers, ranging from writing paper to wallpaper. The second and third waves were 15–30 m (49–98 ft) high at the coast and appeared like gigantic surfing waves but "taller than the coconut trees and was like a mountain". A great deal of humanitarian aid was needed because of widespread damage to the infrastructure, shortages of food and water, and economic damage. A tsunami that causes damage far away from its source is sometimes called a teletsunami and is much more likely to be produced by the vertical motion of the seabed than by horizontal motion. An even higher runup point was measured on a cliff near the town of Eyl, solely on an eyewitness account. Une catastrophe qui n’a pas pu être anticipée par les autorités. Tsunamis are more frequent in the Pacific Ocean than in other oceans because of earthquakes in the "Ring of Fire". [146], The tsunami had a severe humanitarian and political impact in Sweden. Hello. The lower jaw had not been treated in his, IMC (Thai Tsunami Victim Identification Information, The large number of different teams and the, unusual circumstances in the Khao Lak area.

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Nicole, commerçante à Montgenèvre a comme projet de créer une chambre d’hôte. Elle souhaite être aidé mais habite à 1h45 de Gap, lieu dans lequel elle doit effectuer ses démarches administratives.

Paul, agent de service public va aider Nicole dans ses démarches.

2.Prise de rendez-vous


Prise de rendez-vous

Nicole contacte un agent de la chambre de commerce par téléphone.

L’agent dispose de l’application Visiorendez-vous sur laquelle il peut planifier le rendez-vous. Il détermine le Relais de Services Publics (RSP) le plus proche de chez l’usager grâce à la recherche géographique, ce sera celui de l’Argentière-la-Bessée.

Le rendez-vous est fixé 2 semaines plus tard avec Paul, un agent spécialisé dans la création de chambre d’hôtes.




Le jour du rendez-vous, Nicole se rend au RSP de l’Argentière-la-Bessée, à seulement 25 min de chez elle.

Elle se place en face de l’écran prévu à cet effet, un message s’affiche : «Votre rendez-vous avec Paul, de la chambre de commerce de Gap, va commencer dans 12 minutes…»

Le poste est équipé d’une webcam, d’un scanner et d’une imprimante.

4.Echange visio


Echange visio

A tout moment Nicole peut transmette un document en le plaçant dans le scanner. C’est Paul qui lance la numérisation à distance.

De son côté, l’agent peut imprimer un document sur l’imprimante située à proximité de Nicole.

Paul peut également en partager son écran à Nicole. Lorsque tout est terminé, il met fin à la réunion visio.

Hautes Alpes

25services utilisent nos applications

Dans le département des Hautes Alpes, ce sont plus de 25 services publics qui sont disponibles dans 50 relais de service public. Chacun de ces lieux est équipé d’une tablette ou d’un ordinateur, connecté à une imprimante et un scanner sans fil. Chaque usager peut ainsi contacter et travailler avec l’ensemble des service publics du département. Simple pour l’usager car le rendez- vous démarre automatiquement, simple pour l’agent du service public car nous utilisons Microsoft Lync, et économique pour la collectivité.